The home of the Renaissance, Florence is a vast and beautiful monument, artistic and cultural reawakening of the 15th century. The best Renaissance art in Europe, where writers and artists such as Dante, Petrarch, Machiavelli, Botticelli, Michelangelo, Donatello turned the City into one of the world’s greatest artistic Capitals.
Florence first sprang to life as a Roman colony in 59 B.C. Captured by the Lombards in the 6th century, the city later emerged from the Dark Ages as an independent city state. In time, power passed to leading noble families, of which the most influential were the Medici, a hugely wealthy banking dynasty. It remained under them for three centuries. By 1737 the Medici had died out, leaving the City under the Austrian control till Italian Unification in 1860.
Between 1865 and 1871 Florence was the capital of the new Kingdom of Italy.
Today Florence is still one of the most beautiful City of the world, rich of Art and Culture with many attractions for the people coming from all around the world.
Accademia or Galleria dell’Accademia is the museum houses Michelangelo’s David and powerful (unfinished) Prisoners. David is looking at the crude giant of medieval darkness; notice David’s large and overdeveloped right hand. This is symbolic of the hand of God that powered David to slay the Giant.
Duomo and the Florence’s Gothic Santa Maria dei Fiori Cathedral has the third longest nave in Christendom. The church’s noisy neo Gothic facade from 1870s is covered with pink, green, and white Tuscan marble. The Cathedral’s claim to artistic fame is Brunelleschi‘s magnificent dome- the first Renaissance dome and the model for domes to follow.
Palazzo Vecchio, a fortifird palace, once the home of the Medici family. The museum’s most famous statues are Michelangelo’s Genius of Victory, Donatello’s static Judith and Holerfernes, and Verrocchio’s Wunged Cherub.
Uffizi Gallery, the greatest collection of Italian paintings anywhere is a must, with plenty of works by Giotto, Leonardo, Raphael, Caravaggio, Rubens, Titian, Michelangelo and a roomful of Botticellis, including his Birth of Venus.
Ponte Vecchio, the Florence’s most famous bridge, lined with shops that have traditionally sold gold and silver. A statue of Cellini the master goldsmith of the Renaissance, stand in the centre. Notice the prince’s passageway above.
Walk over the Renaissance, admire the Michelangelo‘s and Dante‘s Houses and take the chance to taste the typical food at very nice restaurants that you can find on every corner.
Many other important and suggestive sights will make your visit just a special experience!
Florence. City of Etruscan- Roman origins, it flourished in the Middle Ages as a free commune. Furtherly refined by the Renaissance Art and enriched by the Medici rule, Florence is the cradle of Italian language. You will arrive in the heart of the city to visit the Galleria dell’Accademia, where the original David by Michelangelo is kept, together with the Third “Pietà” and the Prisons, also by Michelangelo (for technical reasons this visit could be replaced with a visit to the Opera del Duomo). You will then proceed to the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, with the magnificent dome by Brunelleschi, the Baptistry with the golden bronze doors by Ghiberti and Giotto’s Belfry. From here, walk to Piazza della Signoria with the Palazzo Vecchio, Florence’s Town Hall, the Loggia dei Lanzi with the Perseus by Cellini and the Fountain of Neptune. After lunch, you will go to Piazza Santa Croce. …